William Lowe is Senior Research Scientist at the Hertie School. His research spans legislative politics, for example, ideal point estimation and government opposition conflict, as well as political economy, for example, estimating central banker preferences and determinants of inflation expectations, and most recently public policy, focusing on the causal inference behind estimates of racial bias in policing. Methodologically he is interested in statistical models of text and in causal inference. He joins the Hertie School from Princeton University where he was Senior Research Specialist and a Lecturer in the Department of Politics. He has a PhD in Cognitive Science from the University of Edinburgh, a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy from the University of Warwick, and has previously held postdoctoral positions at Harvard University, the University of Nottingham, and the MZES.