Research event

Re-thinking human rights for the AI revolution: moving from an ex-post to an ex-ante frame of mind

A presentation by Daragh Murray (University of Essex). This event is part of the Fundamental Rights Research Colloquium hosted by the Centre for Fundamental Rights.

Human rights law has traditionally focused on post-facto accountability at the expense of engagement with ex ante processes. This means that there is a lack of guidance capable of informing States’ decision-making, and ensuring that human rights are considered from the outset, before harm to human rights occurs. The unprecedented changes associated with the digital age makes re-focusing human rights law towards ex ante processes necessary to prevent the inappropriate deployment and normalisation of harmful technologies, and to ensure human rights law’s continued relevance. This article takes the example of police live facial recognition (LFR) deployments, and draws on existing case law to identify the requirements that should be considered prior to deployment in order to facilitate human rights compliance. LFR provides an illustrative example of the step change in surveillance capabilities made possible by emerging technologies, and the UK has taken a leading role in deploying this technology.

This presentation is part of the Fundamental Rights Research Colloquium's cluster on 'Emerging Challenges to Fundamental Rights'.

Daragh Murray is a Senior Lecturer at the Human Rights Centre & School of Law. His research focuses on issues relating to conflict and counter-terrorism, as regulated by the law of armed conflict and international human rights law. He has a particular interest in the use of artificial intelligence and other advanced technology, particularly in an intelligence agency and law enforcement context, and in the regulation and engagement of non-State armed groups. Daragh is the author of 'Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Armed Groups' (Hart, 2016). He also authored the 'Practitioners Guide to Human Rights Law in Armed Conflict' in conjunction with Dapo Akande, Charles Garraway, Francoise Hampson, Noam Lubell and Elizabeth Wilmshurst (OUP, 2016) and is co-editor of 'Digital Witness: Using Open Source Information for Human Rights Investigation, Documentation and Accountability (OUP, 2020) with Alexa Koenig and Sam Dubberley. 

Prior registration is required. Registered attendees will receive the dial-in details as well as a draft paper, on which the presentation is based, via e-mail prior to the event.