Research Area III

State and non-state actors

Although states are the principal actors of world politics, they are not the only ones. Indeed, recent events such as the Arab Spring, the rise of ISIS, or the ongoing migration crisis all illustrate that many contemporary challenges in international security also involve non-state actors.

The Centre for International Security researches non-state actors at various layers and in different contexts. We are particularly interested in ethnic power relations, the link between migration and political violence, as well as the role of state policies and responses towards such actors. Ongoing research examines the following questions, among others: How should multi-ethnic states be governed in order to prevent violent uprisings or civil war? How should power-sharing arrangements be designed to keep peace? Is decentralisation an effective means of placating demands for self-rule and the threat of secessionist violence? What drives the ongoing migration crisis in the Mediterranean that has cost the lives of tens of thousands at Europe’s doorsteps? Are refugees a Trojan horse for transnational terrorist attacks?