Conditions for flexible transitions between vocational and academic education

The lack of permeability between vocational and higher education has become a key issue in the German education system. This policy brief derives recommendations to foster permeable structures between both modes of education. 

About the brief

In Germany, there is a traditionally strong institutional separation vocational training and higher education systems - a separation that has been fundamentally called into question in the last decade. As such, there has increasingly been a discussion about the equivalence of vocational and higher education. This policy brief identifies the necessary conditions to successfully establish permeable structures between the vocational and the higher education system and derives in specific policy recommendations.


Lukas Graf, Nadine Bernhard, Ulf Banscherus


Addressing Germany’s governance challenges series

This report is part of the Hertie School’s policy briefs project for public reform. Learn more about the project.