Research project

Legal and Political Accountability In ‘Post-Crisis’ EU Economic Governance (LEVIATHAN)

While the euro crisis has had a transformative effect on the functional ambitions of the EU, it has also transformed the ways in which citizens can hold the EU institutions accountable. In the area of economic governance, the EU has created a significant new body of fiscal rules, managed largely by executive institutions. The nature of these rules, and the institutions entrusted to manage them, challenge our existing scientific understanding of accountability, creating considerable confusion as to how economic decision making in an EU context can be properly scrutinised.

LEVIATHAN is devoted to addressing the EU’s 'post-crisis' accountability challenge in economic governance. It is designed to provide the first comprehensive, multi-disciplinary attempt at considering how the EU’s decisions in the economic field can be challenged, either by political institutions or individuals seeking judicial review. It further combines legal analysis of decisions by national and EU courts with qualitative research on the political and functional constraints within which institutions reviewing economic decisions operate. By mapping emerging accountability relationships, LEVIATHAN aims to build scientifically-informed recommendations on how to improve EU accountability in the future.


This project has received 1.2 million Euros in funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 716923).


2017 - 2021

Areas of focus

  • Budgetary coordination
  • Banking regulation
  • Fiscal councils
  • The European semester
  • Financial assistance
  • National parliaments
  • Court of Justice of the European Union
  • National constitutional courts

Project lead

  • Mark Dawson, Professor of European Law and Governance