The course will give an overview about the relationship between ministries and agencies in different European countries and the EU. It will look at the development of 'agencification' in different contexts, and at experiences with 'agency autonomy' and 'ministerial responsibility'.
Participants should learn about the long and extensive historical experiences with government agencies, their setting within different governmental systems, and about current attempts at contract and result steering. Steering "at arm's length" will be examined both from theoretical, normative and practical points of view.
After the course, participants should be able to reflect about whether and how agencification is a useful concept and how the relationship between ministries and agencies should be constructed and developed. The overall aim is again to offer a rather purely normative or prescriptive than a purely descriptive and cynical appraisal of public agencies and their recent developments.