This course deals with diplomatic efforts to end serious conflicts in Europe and beyond since the end of the Cold War or, as Richard Holbrooke put it, with the question of "how to end a war". In the first sessions of the seminar, we look at international responses to the outbreak of violent conflict in former Yugoslavia, with a particular focus on the efforts that led to the Dayton Peace Accords for Bosnia in 1995, as well as on the NATO intervention in Kosovo in 1999, the subsequent negotiations about the status of Kosovo and the prospects for stability in the region. Afterwards, we will turn to the conflict between Georgia and Russia before we examine the war in Ukraine, which has developed into the biggest challenge to the European security architecture since the end of the Cold War. At the end of the course we move beyond Europe to look at the Iran nuclear deal. In the final session, we collect the lessons learned from these conflicts and discuss their implications for making wider Europe a more peaceful place.
This course is for 2nd year MIA and MPP students only.