This course deals with diplomatic efforts to end serious conflicts in Europe since the end of the Cold War or, as Richard Holbrooke put it, with the question of "how to end a war". In the first sessions of the seminar, we will look at international responses to the outbreak of violent conflict in the former Yugoslavia, with a particular focus on the efforts that led to the Dayton Peace Accords for Bosnia in 1995, as well as on the NATO intervention in Kosovo in 1999, and the subsequent negotiations on the status of Kosovo. The second part will deal with selected "frozen conflicts" and their (mis-)management. We will discuss the conflict between Georgia and Russia, and will focus in particular on the current conflict in and over Ukraine which has developed into the biggest challenge to the European security architecture since the end of the Cold War.
This course is for 2nd year MIA and MPP students only.