Culture is one of the most complex concepts in social science, including policy studies. Its uses range from an understanding of culture as a system of meaning and identity to culture as art and creative expression. Numerous sociological, anthropological, economic and political science approaches address culture, either as an explanatory concept or as a phenomenon that needs explaining. We will briefly review these, but quickly shift to policy. By this we mean the frameworks, objectives, and ways and means by which cultural aspects become part of governmental and non-governmental programs and projects. There is, for example, the use of culture in international relations, as exemplified in the distinctions between soft, sharp and hard power, or concept and practice of cultural diplomacy. There is frequent reference to culture in scenarios evoking a clash of civilizations, identity politics, social conflicts and international tensions. Sociologists also refer to one aspect of culture, namely cultural capital, as an important dimension of social inequality and how societies are stratified. Strikingly different is the use of culture in local and regional contexts as exemplified in a deepening intersection with the economy, whereby culture becomes an instrument of economic development and urban revitalisation, encapsulated in terms like the creative class, creative cities, and the creative economy.
We will review cultural policies at the international, national and local level, and look at a series of case studies.
The course will use a variety of instructional formats, e.g., lecture, seminar-type discussion, guest lectures, in-class exercises, and student presentations.
This course is for 2nd year MIA and MPP students only.