Education and training are key elements of societal and economic development. Questions of educational reform and the provision of high-quality training play an increasingly salient role for policy makers worldwide. This course critically reflects on how educational systems are structured and governed, how they are embedded in diverse political contexts and, crucially, how they are changing due to megatrends such as digitalisation, online learning, globalisation and Europeanisation. We will also consider the key role of international nongovernmental organisations (e.g. the OECD and the World Bank) in shaping educational policymaking. The course enables students to analyse how educational policymaking and the governance of education and employment systems is changing in different world regions. This includes in-depth analyses of the relationship between education and social policy and social inequalities, but also the impact of ongoing privatisation processes. Furthermore, we will study the conditions for educational governance in the Global South as well as challenges and opportunities related to cross-national policy transfer. Students will be acquainted with key strategies for policy analysis in the field of education. The course will allow students to transfer relevant concepts and methods to other, related policy fields such as labour markets and innovation systems. Students will acquire a thorough understanding of the fundamental elements of educational policymaking at the local, national and global levels.