When states are faced with governance problems they cannot solve alone, they create international institutions and organisations. These institutions have seen a massive increase in numbers and strength in the last 50 years. This is not necessarily good or without problems. While global governance may help solving public problems that would otherwise remain unsolved, it may also create domestic losers or exhibit weaknesses such as structural accountability deficits. With the increased authority vested in global governance, criticism and resistance also increases.
This track of the course focuses on the EU. On the one hand, the EU is a fantastic success: It has brought peace and prosperity, is a global economic power and outpaces all other international organisations in terms of resources and competencies. On the other hand, it has been haunted by existential crises and is politically, economically and legally reshaping its member states to an unprecedented extent. The EU is a laboratory for understanding the light and the dark sides of global governance.
The first part of the course introduces students to major analytical approaches for analysing European and global governance. The second part applies these approaches to major topics of EU governance today.