In 2008, Roberto Galbiati and Christian Traxler started to work on setting up a series of workshops on empirical Law and Economics, with a focus on the Economics of Crime. The goal was to bring together researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to present and discuss their work, allowing for in-depth scientific interaction between those interested in the empirical analysis of crime and illegal behaviour. In response to the first two meetings in Paris (in 2009) and Bonn (in 2010), many fellows expressed their interest in continuing with this initiative. In 2011, the series of annual workshops continued under the label “Transatlantic Workshops on the Economics of Crime”. Giovanni Mastrobuoni, who was involved in the organisation of the 2010 meeting, hosted the 2011 workshop at the Collegio Carlo Alberto (Turin). In 2012, Ben Vollaard and Robert Dur organised the workshop at Erasmus University Rotterdam (the Netherlands). In 2013 the workshop was held at the University of Frankfurt, hosted by Horst Entorf. In 2014, Paolo Pinotti organised the sixth workshop in Milan at Bocconi.