Gerhard Hammerschmid is Professor of Public and Financial Management and Director of the Centre for Digital Governance at the Hertie School. His research focuses on public management reform, comparative public administration, public sector performance management and how digitalisation is affecting government. He also serves as Academic Head at the Institut für den öffentlichen Sektor e.V. (www.publicgovernance.de) and is a coordinator and partner of various EU-funded research projects (COCOPS, LIPSE, EUPACK, TROPICO) on public sector innovation and digital government transformation. He has been a guest professor at the Australia and New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG) and the Copenhagen Business School. Before joining the Hertie School he was Assistant Professor with the Institute for Public Management at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU Wien) and spent three years in a Federal Ministry in Austria coordinating a major restructuring and administrative reform. He studied business at the University of St. Gallen and received his PhD from WU Wien. He also has more than 20 years of experience in communicating research findings to high-level government officials and policymakers such as the EUPAN network, or more recently, the European Commission's Inter-service group on Public Administration.